Dental Care and Oral Health

By lexutor May14,2021

Did you know about 30% of people in the world aged 65 to 75 lack any natural teeth? Maintaining proper dental and oral health hygiene impacts positively on overall well-being. Worldwide, near 100% of adults have one dental cavity, while 15-20 percent of adults aged between 35- 44 experience severe gum disease. Dental problems start as early as the child develops milk teeth; hence it’s recommended to begin proper dental care from the childhood stage.

The earlier you learn proper oral hygiene habits, the easier it will be to deter costly dental procedures. Individually you can observe hygiene habits such as blushing and limiting sugar intakes. In experiencing teeth cavities and gum problems, you can visit approved dental care facilities such as to access professional care and help.

Types of Dental and Oral Diseases

Cavities/ carries/ tooth decay: They are relatively common in most people. The problem may permanently damage the tooth or leave holes in the teeth. Carries occur when food, acid, and bacteria coat the outer enamel to form a plaque. The acid destroys the enamel as eats away the dentin and connective tissue. The damage process can take time but, in the end, lead to permanent teeth damage.

Gingivitis/Gum disease: The hurdle involves inflammation of the gums. The dental problem results from the building up of plaque on the teeth, primarily due to inadequate flossing and brushing habits. Gingivitis problem causes gums to bleed or swell whenever you brush. Prolonged gingivitis can lead to periodontitis.

Broken/cracked teeth: broken teeth arise from chewing hard foods, mouth injuries, or teeth grinding. A fractured tooth is known to be painful; hence they require a quick visit to the dentist.

Periodontitis: This is a progressive problem resulting from gingivitis. The infection can spread to jaws and bones, causing an inflammatory response throughout the body.

Sensitive teeth/ dentin hypersensitivity: The sensitivity entails feeling discomfort or pain after having cold or hot beverages/foods. The problem can be a result of gum disease, cracked teeth, receding gums, and worn crowns. Additionally, it can occur temporarily after teeth filling or a root canal.

Oral cancer: This hurdle affects the gums, floor of the mouth, tongue, cheek, lips, and palate. Most oral cancer is a result of smoking and chewing tobacco.

Treating dental and oral problems

  • Fluoride treatmentsDental care cleaning through the application of fluoride aid in fighting off cavities. Fluoride helps to strengthen the enamel and build up more resilience to bacteria and acid.
  • Professional cleaning: Dentists can help eliminate and get rid of plaque that you may have missed while brushing. Cleaning also helps get rid of tartar and wash out any debris.
  • Use of antibiotics: dental care practitioners can treat gum problems through the use of prescribed antibiotics. They help in preventing the spread of gum infection. The antibiotics range in the form of gel, capsule, oral tablet, or mouth rinse.
  • Root canal: This is usually carried out if the tooth decay reaches inside the tooth nerve. It involves the removal of the nerve and is replaced with a biocompatible filling material.


As much as you observe proper oral hygiene daily, visiting a professional dentist twice a year is recommended. Routine checkups aid in mitigating potential infections and problems.

By lexutor

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