Lung and skin can affect a large number of people each year. Two of the most common forms of cancer, they are both treatable if caught at the right time. If you are still unsure of what each form is, CancerTreatmentMexico.com has provided information to help you better understand both forms of cancer:
Lung cancer is a malignant (cancerous) tumour that starts in cells of the lung, usually in the cells lining air passages. The two main types are small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which are treated differently. If the tumour has both types of cells, it is referred to as mixed small cell/large cell cancer. About 85% of all lung cancers are of the non-small-cell type with three sub-types. The subtypes are divided based on cellular size, shape, and chemical make-up, and diagnosis is based on how the cells appear under a microscope.
Early-stage lung cancer often does not cause symptoms. If the cancer grows, some common symptoms may include a worsening cough, breathing problems, constant chest pain, coughing up blood, a hoarse voice, frequent infections, fatigue, and weight loss. Other health problems may cause these symptoms, but anyone experiencing them should see a physician.
Lung cancer is rarely found early, because most people who have it do not show signs of the disease until it has progressed. If lung cancer is detected during the early stages of the disease, it is usually found by accident. Some tests doctors use to find lung cancer, and to see if it has spread, are chest X-ray, CT scan, MRI, PET scan, bone scan, ultrasound, biopsy, and/or sputum cytology, needle biopsy, and/or bronchoscopy.
Treatments for lung cancer may include chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. More than one kind of treatment may be used at one time, depending on the stage of your cancer.
Skin cancers are divided into melanomas and all other types, referred to as nonmelanomas. Nonmelanomas are more common and pose less risk than melanomas because the cells rarely spread elsewhere in the body. Melanomas begin in the melanocytes, the cells that produce skin pigment.
Melanoma can be found early, and when it is, it can almost always be treated successfully. Spots on the skin that change in size, shape, or colour should be seen by a doctor right away. Any unusual sore, lump, blemish, marking, or change in the way an area of the skin looks or feels may be a sign of skin cancer. Most often a biopsy will be performed to determine if a mole is actually cancer.
The doctor’s best choice of treatment depends largely on the thickness of the tumour and the stage of the disease. The most common treatments for skin cancer include different types of surgery to remove the tumour and surrounding tissue, and chemotherapy or immunotherapy may be performed if the cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body.…